It is amazing what some people spend their lives doing. Something that could be described thus here: "Many associate excommunication with the medieval Church, with the Inquisition and witch-hunts, and think it has no place in our more enlightened, tolerant times. Yet this ecclesiastical discipline is as relevant today as it was five hundred or a thousand years ago, an unfortunate last resort in combating the rebellion the Church faces in every age from some of her members." Wow it is so relevant that it sounds like a fine hot-stone massage. It seems by this telling that this "medicinal" application of censure is just the most enlightened thing that could be imagined! The author, no doubt reflecting whatever latest iteration of this notion that is fashionable with the Roman Curia, does avoid one simple conundrum. Excommunication may always had this "medicinal" aspect in Roman Canon Law, but that also meant for most of its history that you might become quite dead, by being killed. I guess in Ed Peters' la-la land being dead historically is the same as medicinal. What a a bizarre logic. I can promise you that those reading this book in the future will see it as the most sad self-delusion, and a strange way to spend a life in study and apologetics.