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482 of 504 people found the following review helpful
5.0 out of 5 stars Startlingly complete, August 24, 2005
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This review is from: The Legacy Of Jihad: Islamic Holy War And The Fate Of Non-muslims (Hardcover)
The politically correct would have it that Islam is a religion of peace, but in this far-ranging collection of Muslim and non-Muslim eyewitness accounts, theological treatises by great Muslim scholars and jurists throughout history and historical surveys of superb historians, Islam has in fact practiced a grisly jihad campaign against non-Muslims from its earliest days, in the hope of satisfying the Prophet Mohammed's end goal---forcing the "one true faith" upon the entire world.

In 759 pages, divided into eight parts, Dr. Andrew Bostom has provided a fantastic compendium of historical surveys; jihad literature; classical Muslim scholarly treatises; historical overviews from important 20th century historians; foldout, color-coded maps; eyewitness accounts of jihad campaigns from the Near East, Asia Minor, Europe and the Indian subcontinent; historical and contemporary accounts of jihad slavery; and Muslim and non-Muslim chronicles and eyewitness accounts of jihad campaigns.

It is hard, after viewing these compelling accounts and histories, to continue to believe that radical Islamists are in fact all that radical. For Islam, at its core, seems to be a faith bent upon the conquest and subjugation of non-Muslims.

In part two, Bostom collects many jihadist teachings in the Qur'an, for example, Qur'an chapter 9, verse 29, "Fight those who believe not in Allah nor the last day, nor hold that forbidden which hath been forbidden by Allah and his apostle, nor acknowledge the religion of truth even if they are the people of the book, until they pay the Jizya with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued." These teachings fill all of two pages in the text.

But Bostom does not stop there. The third chapter is devoted to classical and modern teachings of Qur'anic commentators on Chapter 9, verse 29. Al-Suyuti (d. 1505 CE), for example, writes "Fight those who don't believe in God nor in the Last Day [Unless they believe in the Prophet God bless him and grant him peace] nor hold what is forbidden that which God and His emissary have forbidden [e.g. Wine] nor embrace the true faith [which is firm and abrogates other faiths, i.e., the Islamic religion] from among [for distinguishing] those who were given the Book [i.e., the Jews and Christians] until they give the head-tax [i.e., the annual taxes imposed on them] (l'an yadinl) humbly submissive, and obedient to Islam's rule."

Also commenting on the Qur'anic chapter 9, verse 29 are al-Zamakshari (d. 1144), al Tabari (d. 923), al-Beidawi (d. 1286), Ibn Kathir (d. 1373), Sayyid Qutb (d. 1966) and al-Azhar, al-Muntakhab Fii Tafsir al-Qur'aan al-Kariim, 1985. Let no one say that Bostom has taken these teachings out of context, for the classical and contemporary commentators interpret the passage in precisely the same way as it appears.

Chapter 4 is then devoted to jihad in the Hadith, with commentary from Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim.

Part 3 presents the classical writings of Muslim theologians and jurists on jihad. This 110-page section spans the entire history of Islam, beginning with commentators from the 8th century and continuing through the 20th century. Bostom has gleaned writings of Malik B. Anas (d. 795) from the Muwata, as well as a 1915 Ottoman Fatwa.

He also includes several works translated into English for the first time. For example, Ibn Qudama (d. 1223), writes, "Legal war (jihad) is an obligatory social duty (fard-kifaya); when one group of Muslims guarantees that it is being carried out in a satisfactory manner, the others are exempted." Almost everywhere in this text, the author is belligerent. "It is permitted to surprise the infidels under cover of night, to bombard them with mangonels [an engine that hurls missiles] and to attack them without declaring battle (du'a)."

Similarly, the renowned Sufi master al-Ghazali (d. 1111) writes (now in English for the first time), "One must go on jihad (i.e. Warlike razzias or raids) at least once a year... one may use a catapult against them [non-Muslims] when they are in a fortress, even if among them are women and children. One may set fire to them and drown them." The marriages of slaves, al-Ghazali continues, are automatically "revoked. One may cut down their trees.... One must destroy their useless books." This belies the notion that Sufism is peaceful.

Al-Hilli (d. 1277) appears for the first time in English on the traditions concerning the tax on certain infidels, who have not been enslaved or murdered. And the Persian scholar Muhammad al-Amili (d. 1621) has been translated from Farsi concerning Jihad holy war: "Islamic holy war against followers of other religions, such as Jews, is required unless they convert to Islam or pay the poll tax."

The 117-page Part 4 includes overviews of Jihad by important 20th century scholars, including Edmond Fagnan, on jihad according to the Malikite school, Roger Arnaldez on the holy war according to Ibn Hazm of Cordova, Clement Huart on the law of war, Nicolas P. Agnides, on the classification of persons under Islamic law and John Ralph Willis on the jihad ideology of enslavement.

As Ibn Warraq notes in the forward to this monumental study of Islamic jurisprudence and prosecution of war, Dr. Bostom (a non-specialist from the field of clinical medicine) is the first scholar to have had translated from Arabic into English the works of al-Bayadawi, al-Suyuti, al-Zamakhshari and al-Tabari, as well as works by Sufi master al-Ghazali, Shiites al-Hilli and al-Amili. He also includes representatives from the four schools of Sunni jurisprudence-Averroes and Ibn Khaldun (Maliki), Ibn Taymiya and Ibn Qudama (Hanbali), Shaybani (Hanafi), and al-Mawardi (Shaafi).

Ibn Warraq continues: Some contend that Dr. Bostom is right to expose history hitherto denied, but this was not the right historical moment to do so. But, as Isaiah Berlin once noted, from the ideologue's willingness to suppress what he suspects to be true has flowed much evil.

--Alyssa A. Lappen
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Showing 1-10 of 13 posts in this discussion
Initial post: May 24, 2009 2:14:40 AM PDT
typo: "FEEL themselves subdued."

Posted on Jul 20, 2009 9:09:45 AM PDT
[Customers don't think this post adds to the discussion. Show post anyway. Show all unhelpful posts.]

In reply to an earlier post on Nov 7, 2009 9:51:04 AM PST
Truth Seeker says:
Grow up.

In reply to an earlier post on Nov 7, 2009 9:52:34 AM PST
Truth Seeker says:
That is, grow up, please.

In reply to an earlier post on Nov 7, 2009 9:54:27 AM PST
[Deleted by the author on Nov 7, 2009 10:04:20 AM PST]

In reply to an earlier post on Nov 7, 2009 10:00:08 AM PST
[Deleted by the author on Nov 7, 2009 10:04:47 AM PST]

In reply to an earlier post on Aug 4, 2010 1:57:36 PM PDT
K. Schwab says:
The Crusades were in response to the Islamic invasion of Christians countries and cites, where they slaughtered many people men, women, and children just as Muhammad did when he waged war against his own tribe and carivans. The Muslims always say that the Dhimmi and jiyza wasn't so bad and that the jews and christians were treated no different that the Muslims. Problem is is that the Muslims were not on the other end of the humiliation and being forced to submit to the rules of Islam even though the people rejected the pagan demonic cult of Islam. Pope Urban called on the war against the Muslim invasion and also condemned those who went and attacked the jewish people, the Pope gave orders to stop those who took on this wicked slaughter of innocent people as the jews. Anything the Muslims write about their history, it is always with a forked-tongue and it is the opposite of those who suffered under their Imperialism (Empires). Also, if one does research, they will learn that Muhammad gave permission for his followers to lie to the non-Muslims but commanded that they don't lie to fellow Muslims unless it is under certain conditions. Of course, the Muslims will reject this even though it is in their Hadith as the spoke words of their demon-possessed false prophet Muhammad. Even Arabic History on Islam is the opposite of what Muslims will tell you, someone has to be truthful and since what Muslims parrot of the cult imams, clerics, and mullahs is always made to sounds so decent (lol) and good (lol) is more proof that it is mostly lies. Don't hate people but you should pray for their Salvation for there is only "one" Way, pray for the stronghold of the enemy of God and mankind be broken, pray for their hard-hearts to be made soft and that the Lord would show them the truth that only HE can offer. In Jesus' Name. Amen and Amen!

In reply to an earlier post on Mar 8, 2011 2:04:23 PM PST
reverse the role and you will understand the truth apart from islamic propaganda. If you are living in Saudi Arabia and Jews invaded Mecca and forced a synagogue there through military might after slaughtering thousands upon thousands of your children and fathers while raping your daughters, sisters and Moms as "booties", but allowed you to still have mosque worship on Fridays (Jomeh) in their synagogue for a few years, until they had brainwashed your children to all become Jews who hated islam, would you then also accept Jewish religion as "peaceful" and "friendly" towards islam?

In reply to an earlier post on May 4, 2011 8:40:47 PM PDT
Nearenough says:
[Customers don't think this post adds to the discussion. Show post anyway. Show all unhelpful posts.]

In reply to an earlier post on Sep 13, 2011 12:55:25 PM PDT
sp says:
That is one depressed thoughtless rant. First and foremost, genocides happened, but not all of them in the name of god or against believers of god. For example Hitler. The main reason why hitler killed jews is not christiantiy, so stop blaming atheism.

Secondly, if someone says they killed in the name of god or for race or for communist & nationalist ideas, believe them.
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