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It begins with a young man, Candide, who is living a sheltered life in an Edenic paradise and being indoctrinated with Leibnizian optimism by his mentor, Professor Pangloss.
Candide parodies many adventure and romance clichés, the struggles of which are caricatured in a tone that is bitter and matter-of-fact. Voltaire ridicules religion, theologians, governments, armies, philosophies, and philosophers. Through Candide, he assaults Leibniz and his optimism.
With its sharp wit and insightful portrayal of the human condition, the novel has since inspired many later authors and artists to mimic and adapt it. Today, Candide is recognized as Voltaire's magnum opus and is often listed as part of the Western canon."
* Beautifully illustrated with images relating to Voltaire’s life and works
* Concise introductions to the novels and other texts
* ALL the novels, with individual contents tables
* Images of how the books were first published, giving your eReader a taste of the original texts
* Excellent formatting of the texts
* Famous works are fully illustrated with contemporary artwork
* Includes Voltaire’s rare epic poems ‘The Henriade’ and ‘The Maid of Orleans’ – available in no other collection
* Voltaire’s rare poems
* Includes Voltaire’s plays - spend hours exploring the celebrated plays
* Includes a comprehensive range of non-fiction texts
* Special criticism section, with essays evaluating Voltaire’s contribution to literature
* Features three biographies - discover Voltaire’s literary life
* Scholarly ordering of texts into chronological order and literary genres
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The Philosophical Fiction
CANDIDE; OR, THE OPTIMIST
THE MAN OF FORTY CROWNS
OTHER PHILOSOPHICAL TALES
THE ORPHAN OF CHINA
THE SCOTCH WOMAN
PREFACES TO PLAYS
THE MAID OF ORLEANS
THE LISBON EARTHQUAKE AND OTHER POEMS
The Philosophical Works
LETTERS ON ENGLAND
A PHILOSOPHICAL DICTIONARY
TOLERATION AND OTHER ESSAYS
AN ESSAY ON CRIMES AND PUNISHMENTS
The Historical Works
AGE OF LOUIS XIV
THE HISTORY OF PETER THE GREAT, EMPEROR OF RUSSIA
HISTORY OF CHARLES XII
VOLTAIRE by John Cowper Powys
VOLTAIRE’S TRAGEDIES by Lytton Strachey
VOLTAIRE AND FREDERICK THE GREAT by Lytton Strachey
INGERSOLL’S LECTURE ON VOLTAIRE by Robert Green Ingersoll
VOLTAIRE AND KING STANISLAS by Henry W. Wolff
VOLTAIRE IN THE NETHERLANDS by C. A. Van Sypesteyn
VOLTAIRE by John Morley
VOLTAIRE: A SKETCH OF HIS LIFE AND WORKS by G. W. Foote and J. M. Wheeler
VOLTAIRE: BRIEF BIOGRAPHY by George Saintsbury
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Candide ou l’Optimisme est sans nul doute le conte philosophique de Voltaire le plus connu. Voltaire pour beaucoup d’entre nous est un Philosophe qui a bercé notre enfance, car nous avons tous lu du Voltaire étant jeune.
Dans ce conte philosophique, on aborde des sujet tel que, la formation et l’apprentissage du monde par la confrontation des idées et des jugements, mais aussi et surtout, de la fatalité et la dualité dans laquelle l’individu est confronté au bien et au mal.
Ce livre ne nous laissera pas indifférents, tant il réveillera en nous tous, ce côté innocent avant que nous ouvrions les yeux sur le monde et sa véritable valeur.
Jeune et naïf, Candide vit heureux au château de Thunder-ten-tronckh, véritable paradis terrestre. Mais il est chassé et confronté aux horreurs du monde. Dans ce conte parodique, le philosophe des Lumières se propose de contredire la doctrine de l'optimisme selon laquelle «tout est pour le mieux dans le meilleur de tous les mondes possibles».
François-Marie Arouet (1694-1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and separation of church and state.
Table of Contents:
The White Bull
The Man of Forty Crowns
The Princess of Babylon
The Sage and the Atheist
Memnon the Philosopher
The Black and the White
The World as it Goes
Andre des Touches at Siam
Jeannot and Colin
The Travels of Scarmentado
A Conversation with a Chinese
Pleasure in Having no Pleasure
An Adventure in India
The Good Brahmin
The Two Comforters
Ancient Faith and Fable
The Study of Nature
The Orphan of China
The Scotch Woman
Henriade (Canto IX)
The Lisbon Earthquake and Other Poems
A Philosophical Dictionary
Letters on England
Treatise on Tolerance
Age of Louis XIV
The History of Peter the Great, Emperor of Russia
Letters to Jonathan Swift
Letter from Voltaire to Charles Jean-Baptiste Fleuriau
Voltaire and England by Lytton Strachey
Voltaire’s Tragedies by Lytton Strachey
Voltaire and Frederick the Great by Lytton Strachey
Lectures on Voltaire by Robert Green Ingersoll
Voltaire: A Sketch of His Life and Works by G. W. Foote and J. M. Wheeler
Voltaire by John Morley
Voltaire in the Netherlands by C. A. Van Sypesteyn
Voltaire by George Saintsbury
A new translation of Voltaire's Treatise on Toleration, one of the most important essays on religious tolerance and freedom of thought
A powerful, impassioned case for the values of freedom of conscience and religious tolerance, Treatise on Toleration was written after the Toulouse merchant Jean Calas was falsely accused of murdering his son and executed on the wheel in 1762. As it became clear that Calas had been persecuted by 'an irrational mob' for being a Protestant, the Enlightenment philosopher Voltaire began a campaign to vindicate him and his family. The resulting work, a screed against fanaticism and a plea for understanding, is as fresh and urgent today as when it was written.
I viaggi e le avventure di Candide alla ricerca di saggezza e felicità fanno girare la testa. Come si mantiene l'ottimismo quando si passa dall'orrore al disastro? Voltaire non crede né nella Bontà né nella Provvidenza. In tutto il mondo gli uomini sono fanatici, malvagi, belligeranti. Candido deve imparare la tolleranza, i benefici del lavoro, l'arte di vivere in pace con se stesso e con gli altri. E l'amore per la libertà.
Cosa significa il nome "Candido": l'innocenza di chi non conosce il male o l'illusione dell'ingenuo che non ha vissuto il mondo? Voltaire gioca nel 1759, dopo il terremoto di Lisbona, su questo doppio significato. Condivide con noi le prove fittizie di un giovane semplice, che si confronta con le esche dell'ottimismo, ma che non intende disperare e che giunge a una saggezza finale, misurata e misteriosa. Candido non ha finito di invitarci a un'allegra conoscenza e riflessione.
BnF collection ebooks - "BRUTUS : Destructeurs des tyrans, vous qui n'avez pour rois Que les dieux de Numa, vos vertus et nos lois, Enfin notre ennemi commence à nous connaître. Ce superbe Toscan qui ne parlait qu'en maître, Porsenna, de Tarquin ce formidable appui, Ce tyran, protecteur d'un tyran comme lui, Qui couvre de son camp les rivages du Tibre, Respecte le sénat et craint le peuple libre."
BnF collection ebooks a pour vocation de faire découvrir en version numérique des textes classiques essentiels dans leur édition la plus remarquable, des perles méconnues de la littérature ou des auteurs souvent injustement oubliés. Tous les genres y sont représentés : morceaux choisis de la littérature, y compris romans policiers, romans noirs mais aussi livres d’histoire, récits de voyage, portraits et mémoires ou sélections pour la jeunesse.
Through the adventures of young Candide, his love Cunégonde, and his mentor Dr. Pangloss, we experience life's most crushing misfortunes. And we see the redeeming wisdom those misfortunes can bring — all the while enjoying Voltaire's witty burlesque of human excess.
In this unique volume, readers who wish to follow every nuance of Voltaire's classic tale in the original French can do so with the aid of a new and exacting English translation on facing pages. Shane Weller's critical introduction illuminates the satire of Candide and the reasons for its enduring appeal.
I. Outline of Swedish history up to the time of Charles XI—Charles’s education—His enemies—Character-sketch of the Czar, Peter Alexiowitz—His peculiarities—Alliance of Russia, Poland, Denmark against Charles XII.
II. Sudden and extraordinary transformation in the character of Charles XII—At the age of eighteen he carries on war with Denmark, Poland and Russia—He concludes the war with Denmark in six weeks—Beats an army of 80,000 Russians with 8,000 Swedes, and proceeds to Poland—Description of Poland and its Government—Charles wins several victories, and conquers Poland, where he makes preparations to nominate a king.
III. Stanislas Leczinski chosen King of Poland—Death of the Cardinal-Primate—Great retreat of General Schullemburg—Exploits of the Czar—Foundation of Petersburg—Charles’s entry into Saxony—The peace of Altranstadt—Augustus abdicates in favour of Stanislas—General Patkul, the Czar’s plenipotentiary, is broken on the wheel, and quartered—Charles receives the ambassadors of foreign princes in Saxony—He also goes to Dresden to see Augustus before his departure.
IV. Charles leaves Saxony—Pursues the Czar—Advances into Ukrania—His losses and wounds, and the battle of Pultowa—The consequences of the battle—Charles forced to escape into Turkey—His reception in Bessarabia.
V. The state of the Ottoman Porte—Charles retires to Bender—His occupations—His intrigues at the Porte—His plans—Augustus restored—The King of Denmark attacks Sweden—All the King’s other territories are invaded—The Czar keeps festival at Moscow—The affair of Pruth—History of the Czarina.
VI. Intrigues at the Porte—The Kan of Tartary and the Pasha of Bender try to force Charles to depart—He defends himself with forty servants against their whole army.
VII. The Turks remove Charles to Demirtash—King Stanislas is seized at the same time—Bold action of M. de Villelongue—Revolutions in the seraglio—Battles in Pomerania—Altena is burnt by the Swedes—Charles returns to his kingdom—His strange method of travelling—His arrival at Straelsund—The state of Europe at that time—The losses of King Charles—The successes of Peter the Great—His triumphal entry into Petersburg.
VIII. Charles marries his sister to the Prince of Hesse—He is besieged in Stralsund and escapes to Sweden—The enterprise of Baron Gortz his premier—Plans of reconciliation with the Czar—An attack on England—Charles besieges Frederickshal in Norway—He is killed—His character—Gortz is beheaded.